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Lily(pseudonym)didnotthinktwiceaboutwhenafamilyfriendscolleagueofferedtodriveherhomeafterdinner.Hewassober,herplacewasontheway,and,besides,herfriendwasapowerfulguy.Noonewouldwanttoupsethim.Theirconversationwasinnocentenough,astheydiscussedhowhis10-year-oldsonshouldstudytoattendatopuniversitylikeher.Butwhentheyarrived,heleanedovertoforciblykissher.Forweeksafterwards,hecontinuouslytextedher,askingherouttodinners,clubs,andKTVsbeforefinallytakingthehinttostop.TheresnothingunusualaboutastorylikeLilys.Theprivatelivesofmanymarriedmenarefilledwithmistresses,mysterygirlfriends,andKTVvisits,ifrumorsandreportsarebelieved.RenminUniversitysProfessorPanSuiming,aspecialistonChinesesexlives,hasestimatedthat34.8percentofmenhadengagedinsexualrelationsoutsideofmarriageaconservativefigure.AnonlinepollbyTencenthadthenumberevenhigher,at60percent(andthatsjustthosewhoadmitit).Theissueisprevalentenoughtohavespawnedaminorindustry,devotedtoprovidingsolutionstotheproblemofhavinganunwantedlittlethird(С)inyourlife,asmistressesareoftencalled.Teamsofexpensiveexpertsknownasmistressdispellersclaimtoofferwivestipsandmakeoveradvicetoreclaimtheirwanderingspouses,whilepromisingtowardoffmistresseswitharangeofdubioustacticslikebriberyandthreats.AnthropologistJohnOsburgisnotsurprisedbythesestudies.Duringresearchforhis2013book,AnxiousWealth:MoneyandMoralityAmongChinasNewRich,theassociateprofessorofanthropologyattheUniversityofRochesterbefriendedandinterviewednumerouswealthybusinessmeninsouthwestSichuanprovince.Theinfidelityrateofmyresearchsubjectswasnearly100percent,hetoldTWOC.Ofcourse,mysamplesizewasrelativelysmallandthesubjectshadalotofsimilarities.Althoughinfidelityisnothingnewinsociety,theissuehasgainedpublicattentioninrecentyearsinpartduetoChinasskyrocketingdivorcerate,whichhasdoubledinthelastdecade,withmanycitingextramaritalaffairsasthecause.In2017,arepresentativeoftheBeijingNo.2IntermediatePeoplesCourttoldtheSouthChinaMorningPostthat93percentofdivorcesstemmedfromeitheraffairsordomesticviolence.Inanattempttoclampdownondivorceandpromotetraditionalfamilyvalues,thegovernmentisintroducingacoolingoffforcouplesseekingseparation,duringwhichtheyareencouragedtoreconciletheirdifferencesthroughcounseling.Parentalpressuremayalsohavehelpedpreserveunhappymarriagesinthepastbut,accordingtoBeijingmarriagecounselorLiKening,whohasworkedforovernineyearsinthesuburbanTongzhoudistrict,thesituationisquitedifferenttoday.Someyoungcouplesareactuallybeingpressuredtodivorcebytheirparents,LitoldTWOC.Ifawomansparentshearthatherhusbandhashadanaffair,orisnottreatingherright,theymaytellhertoseekadivorce.Likewise,mothersof豦(mommysboys)findconstantfaultwiththeirdaughters-in-lawevendivorceablefaults.BeijingerMr.Zhengagrees.Believingthatcitylifemakespeoplemoreliberal,heisntpushinghis31-year-oldsonintomarriage,preferringhimtofindawomanwithwhomhehasemotionalandphysicalchemistry.However,Ifmysonfellinlovewithanotherwomanandwantedtoleavehiswife,Iwouldadvisehimtoworkhardertomakehisfirstmarriagework;ifIcouldntpersuadehim,Iwouldsupporthisdecisiontodivorce,Zhengsaid.IamChinese,anditisstillimportanttokeepthefamilytradition.Whiletheone-childpolicyhasundoubtedlyelevatedtheimportanceoftheirchildspersonalfulfillmentandhappinessinparentsminds,Osburgsresearchprovidesotherinsights.OnemajorreasonthatOsburgsresearchsubjectsdidnotpursuedivorcewaspeerratherthanfamilypressure.Hecitedthecaseofabusinessmanwhofellinlovewithanightclubdancer,butultimatelydecidedtostaywithhiswife,outofconcernforhowhisbusinessassociatesandpeerswouldviewsuchapartner,orjudgehischaracterandsenseoffamilialresponsibility.Ontheotherhand,Osburgnoted,hissubjectsseemedtobehappierandmoreinlovewiththeirmistressesthantheirwives.The1950MarriageLaw,whichabolishedarrangedmarriages,wasnotquitethesocietalgame-changeritfirstappeared.Classdifferenceswereaperennialobstacle,traditionanother:Parentsstillhadagreatdealofsayintheirchildrensaffairs,matchmakingremainedprevalentbehindthescenes,andtherewasvirtuallynodatingculture.Marriagesanddivorcesevenneededapprovalbyeachpartnersworkunit.InfluencedbynewmodelsofromanceandpartnershipinHollywoodmoviesandCantopopinthereformera,youngpeoplewantedtomarryforlove,althoughmanydidnotknowhow.Osburgsayshissubjectsoftentalkedaboutfatherhood,andtheirprideintheirchildren,butrarelytheirsatisfactionwithmarriage.Instead,theylamentedtheirlackofexperience,ortheirinnocenceatthetimeoftheirmarriages.Iwentoutwith[awoman]andeverybodystartedtalkingaboutusgettingmarried,sowedidwasatypicalrefrain.Andwhilereformbroughtbackromance,italsomarkedoutnewinequalities.Whileancientconcubinecultureusuallycamealongsideamoraljustificationgettingmaleheirstocontinuethefamilylineinadditiontostatus-signalingforelitemen,Osburgstatesthatthewealthgaphasexacerbatedgenderinequality,creatingareadysupplyofyoungwomenwillingtobecomemistressesformaterialgain.Hissubjectslamentthatsomewomennowthrowthemselvesatwealthymen,hopingthatanaffairwouldprovidethemwithfinancialsupportor,asthesayinggoes,Amangoesbadwhenhegetsrich,awomangoesbadtogetrich.Asformen,mistressescanbeastatussymbol,especiallyasthegenderdisparitycausedbytheone-childpolicyhasmadewomenararercommodity.Tencentssurveysuggeststhatmenwithhigherincomesaremorelikelytocheat,andthatIT,finance,andeducationarethemostadulterousprofessions.Osburgobservesthatmanyofhissubjectsworklonghoursoutsideofthehome,andsomeworryaboutbeingconsideredprudishiftheydonotjoinbusinesspartnersandcolleaguesinbondingactivitiesinvolvingalcoholandprostitutes.Then,therearethosewhorationalizeinfidelityasthatsjusthowmenare.However,Linotesthatadulteryisnownolongerthepreserveofthewealthy.Itusedtobethattokeepamistress,youneededtoberich,hetellsTWOC.Withtherisinguseofsocialmedia,wearestartingtoseelotsofpeoplepursuingone-nightstands,manyofwhichcanbloomintofull-onaffairs.Asdivorcebecomeslesstaboo,datingculturemoreprevalent,andparentslessabletoexertcontrolovertheirchildrenslovelives,bothsexesarefindingmoreopportunitiestopursuetheirideallifepartnerwhichmay,intheend,haveapositiveinfluenceonreducinginfidelity.Theresevenhopeforthecurrentdivorcegeneration,Lisuggests:Peoplecanlearnfromtheirfailedmarriagesandbetterpreparefortheirnextone.AdditionalreportingbyTanYunfei(̷Ʒ)StateofAffairsisastoryfromourissue,.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articlebyjt ? t- t- 5M0 1710.txt ??Ms.Wustartedeverymorningofhertwo-dayvacationinPraguewith4a.m.wake-upcalls.Beforenoon,WuandherhusbandhadheldhandsontheCharlesBridge,satwithswansbytheVltavaRiver,andkissedonthePragueCastlegrounds.Intheirrentedwhitegownandtuxedo,theysmiledagainandagainforbemusedtouristsandtwoprofessionalphotographershiredtodocumenteverymoment.Around11a.m.,Wusregimenwasforcedtopauseforthemiddaylightandgrowingcrowds,beforeresumingfromlateafternoontosundown(whichisaslateas9p.m.insomeareasofEuropeduringsummer).TheschedulelefttheSichuannativewithlittletimeforsightseeingorrelaxation,butWuhasnoregrets.Ilikedthebackgroundofred-roofedhouses,shetellsTWOC.Itswhatwewantedforourweddingphotos.AnauthenticBohemianbackgrounddoesntcomecheapfornewlywedslikeWu,whoaskedonlytobeidentifiedbyhersurname(anddeclinedtostateexactlyhowmuchshepaidforherentourage.)AsearchoflistingsonTaobaorevealspricesfrom20,000to100,000RMBforweddinggowntravelphotography,orhunshalpai(ɴ),inPrague.TheCzechcapitalisoneofthetopdestinationsforsuchphotoshootsonthePinterest-likesocialmediaplatform,LittleRedBook.WuandherhusbandmetupwiththeirChinesephotographersandmakeupartistlocally,butsomecouplespaymoretobringalongtheirownphotographerorvideographeronacustommulti-cityitinerary.Otherssplurgeonanall-inclusivetour:transportation,hotel,costumerental,languageassistance,andalocalguide.DestinationphotoshootsmaybeonereasonthatChinasweddingphotographymarketisstillgrowingatasteadyrateof1-2percentperyear,althoughmarriagerateshavedeclinedsince2013.By2023,theindustryisexpectedtobeworth63.7billionRMBeventhough,bythen,itsestimatedonly60percentasmanymarriageswilltakeplaceascomparedtoadecadeago.Itsnotclearwhenorhowlpaibecametrendy,butitsriseisdefinitelyrecent.AcommonexplanationcitesTaiwanesepopsingerJayChou,whoseweddingphotosfromPraguein2014led,anecdotally,toanincreaseinwhite-cladearlyrisersposingontheCharlesBridge.Guangzhou-basedphotographerLiuXiaoyingagrees,recallingthatwhensheandherhusbandstartedtheirstudio,APlusFilm,in2014,destinationshootswereuncommon.Toattractbusiness,theycalledupweddingplanningcompaniesandslashedtheirfees.Today,though,thetwophotographersspendanaverage180daysayearabroad,flyingtomeetcouplesatadozeniconicdestinations,suchasParis,Prague,CinqueTerre,Iceland,Bali,andTurkey.Thelatteristhisyearsnewhotlpaicountry,accordingtoLiu.ItsthemostpopularlocationonLittleRedBook;itsconsideredmysteriousandexotic,comparedtosomepartsofEuropewherelotsofpeoplehavegone,shesays.Lpaiisdefinitelyabouttrendsandcompetition.Peopleareinfluencedtogoonthembecausetheirfriendshavebeen.Europeremainsthequintessentiallpaidestination,perhapsduetotheuniquehistoryofweddingphotographyinChina.Inthe1930s,itwasbrieflyinvogueforeliteShanghaibridesinwhitegownstophotographtheirWestern-stylechurchweddings,butduringtheMaoistera,thefashionturnedtoproletarianposesandplaingarb.NewlywedsduringtheCulturalRevolutionweremostfondofbeingphotographedwithadifferentlittleredbook:TheQuotationsofChairmanMao.BythetimeWesternweddingelementsreturnedinthe80s,theywerestrippedofreligiousceremonyandbecameconsumeristsymbolsofChinasopeningup.PortraitstudiosprovidedbackdropswithchurchesandEuropeanarchitecturetoreinforcetheWesternaesthetic.Itwasfashionforcouplestodisplayanenlargedweddingphotointheirlivingroom;thus,asChinesehomesincreasedinsizeandsophistication,photoshootsbecamemoreelaborate.Wubelievestherecentvoguefordestinationweddingphotographyisgenerational.Olderpeoplewereusedtotakingphotosinastudio,butmygenerationprefersmorespontaneousshotsandoutdoorsettings,shesays.AcrossChina,thesefeelingshavesentphalanxesofnewlywedstoposeinformercolonialconcessionsGulangyuIslandinXiamen,theBundinShanghaiandareaswithimitationEuropeanarchitecture,suchasTianjinsFlorenceTownhousingdistrictortheWorldParkinBeijing.ButtraditionalChinesearchitecturehasalsograbbednewlywedsattention:In2015,theImperialAncestralTempleoutsidetheForbiddenCityevenbegancharging800RMBforweddingshootsonitspremises,claimingthefeeistocompensatefortheinconveniencecausedtoothervisitors.OpinionsaboutChinesecouplesarchitecturaltastesaredivided.AsapersonofChinesebloodweddingphotosinJapan,Europe,ortheUSfeeltoohackneyed;thepersondoesntmatchthescenery,opinedonenewlywed,whooptedtotakephotosattheForbiddenCity,inatraveldiaryonMafengwo.com.Forothers,itslessaboutthenationalityofthebackdrop,thantheauthenticity.Thelocalcolorandenjoymentoftravelarenotthingsyoucanreplicate,saysLiu.ThemajorityofLiuslpaiclientsarethose,likeWu,whohaveexperiencesofvisitingorstudyinginforeigncountries(whichhelpswhenapplyingforvisas).AstheChineseeconomyimproves,thecostoftravelingabroadislowered,especiallycomparedwithtravelingdomestically,sheexplains.RoundtripairfaretoEuropecanbeaslowas3,000RMB,whileflightswithinChinasometimesexceed2,000RMB.Thenonehastoconsiderthequalityoftheexperience.AtmanyChinesedestinations,thoughitsbeautiful,theinfrastructureisntthereforagoodtourismexperience,comparedtoEuropeancountries,Liusays.Theressomethingemotionallyfulfillingaboutvisitingadevelopedcountryandseeingtheworld,seeingthediversearchitectureandcultures,thelocalscongratulatingyouastheypassbytheclientsgetalotofenjoyment.ForWu,adestinationshootwassimplymoreinterestingthangoingtoastudioorareplica.WegetsofewholidaysinChina,sowewantedtomakeoursspecial,shesays.Wewanttobeabletolookbackonourweddingphotoslaterandrecallmemories.Evensheadmits,though,thatherphotographicitinerarywasntconduciveforsoakingupthelocalcolor.AfterPrague,wewenttoAustriaforafewdays.Justus,justsightseeingnocameras.GownAbroadisastoryfromourissue,.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Article

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2008-04-20JIt ? ? ? ?M0 845.txt xһЦСķ͸һ ι쵽ãúãáղϽȥˣһʲôʲôʲôƱˣãڼҵ㡣

Ϊǿĵرͷ,źȻ,̽תķչ·

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Lily(pseudonym)didnotthinktwiceaboutwhenafamilyfriendscolleagueofferedtodriveherhomeafterdinner.Hewassober,herplacewasontheway,and,besides,herfriendwasapowerfulguy.Noonewouldwanttoupsethim.Theirconversationwasinnocentenough,astheydiscussedhowhis10-year-oldsonshouldstudytoattendatopuniversitylikeher.Butwhentheyarrived,heleanedovertoforciblykissher.Forweeksafterwards,hecontinuouslytextedher,askingherouttodinners,clubs,andKTVsbeforefinallytakingthehinttostop.TheresnothingunusualaboutastorylikeLilys.Theprivatelivesofmanymarriedmenarefilledwithmistresses,mysterygirlfriends,andKTVvisits,ifrumorsandreportsarebelieved.RenminUniversitysProfessorPanSuiming,aspecialistonChinesesexlives,hasestimatedthat34.8percentofmenhadengagedinsexualrelationsoutsideofmarriageaconservativefigure.AnonlinepollbyTencenthadthenumberevenhigher,at60percent(andthatsjustthosewhoadmitit).Theissueisprevalentenoughtohavespawnedaminorindustry,devotedtoprovidingsolutionstotheproblemofhavinganunwantedlittlethird(С)inyourlife,asmistressesareoftencalled.Teamsofexpensiveexpertsknownasmistressdispellersclaimtoofferwivestipsandmakeoveradvicetoreclaimtheirwanderingspouses,whilepromisingtowardoffmistresseswitharangeofdubioustacticslikebriberyandthreats.AnthropologistJohnOsburgisnotsurprisedbythesestudies.Duringresearchforhis2013book,AnxiousWealth:MoneyandMoralityAmongChinasNewRich,theassociateprofessorofanthropologyattheUniversityofRochesterbefriendedandinterviewednumerouswealthybusinessmeninsouthwestSichuanprovince.Theinfidelityrateofmyresearchsubjectswasnearly100percent,hetoldTWOC.Ofcourse,mysamplesizewasrelativelysmallandthesubjectshadalotofsimilarities.Althoughinfidelityisnothingnewinsociety,theissuehasgainedpublicattentioninrecentyearsinpartduetoChinasskyrocketingdivorcerate,whichhasdoubledinthelastdecade,withmanycitingextramaritalaffairsasthecause.In2017,arepresentativeoftheBeijingNo.2IntermediatePeoplesCourttoldtheSouthChinaMorningPostthat93percentofdivorcesstemmedfromeitheraffairsordomesticviolence.Inanattempttoclampdownondivorceandpromotetraditionalfamilyvalues,thegovernmentisintroducingacoolingoffforcouplesseekingseparation,duringwhichtheyareencouragedtoreconciletheirdifferencesthroughcounseling.Parentalpressuremayalsohavehelpedpreserveunhappymarriagesinthepastbut,accordingtoBeijingmarriagecounselorLiKening,whohasworkedforovernineyearsinthesuburbanTongzhoudistrict,thesituationisquitedifferenttoday.Someyoungcouplesareactuallybeingpressuredtodivorcebytheirparents,LitoldTWOC.Ifawomansparentshearthatherhusbandhashadanaffair,orisnottreatingherright,theymaytellhertoseekadivorce.Likewise,mothersof豦(mommysboys)findconstantfaultwiththeirdaughters-in-lawevendivorceablefaults.BeijingerMr.Zhengagrees.Believingthatcitylifemakespeoplemoreliberal,heisntpushinghis31-year-oldsonintomarriage,preferringhimtofindawomanwithwhomhehasemotionalandphysicalchemistry.However,Ifmysonfellinlovewithanotherwomanandwantedtoleavehiswife,Iwouldadvisehimtoworkhardertomakehisfirstmarriagework;ifIcouldntpersuadehim,Iwouldsupporthisdecisiontodivorce,Zhengsaid.IamChinese,anditisstillimportanttokeepthefamilytradition.Whiletheone-childpolicyhasundoubtedlyelevatedtheimportanceoftheirchildspersonalfulfillmentandhappinessinparentsminds,Osburgsresearchprovidesotherinsights.OnemajorreasonthatOsburgsresearchsubjectsdidnotpursuedivorcewaspeerratherthanfamilypressure.Hecitedthecaseofabusinessmanwhofellinlovewithanightclubdancer,butultimatelydecidedtostaywithhiswife,outofconcernforhowhisbusinessassociatesandpeerswouldviewsuchapartner,orjudgehischaracterandsenseoffamilialresponsibility.Ontheotherhand,Osburgnoted,hissubjectsseemedtobehappierandmoreinlovewiththeirmistressesthantheirwives.The1950MarriageLaw,whichabolishedarrangedmarriages,wasnotquitethesocietalgame-changeritfirstappeared.Classdifferenceswereaperennialobstacle,traditionanother:Parentsstillhadagreatdealofsayintheirchildrensaffairs,matchmakingremainedprevalentbehindthescenes,andtherewasvirtuallynodatingculture.Marriagesanddivorcesevenneededapprovalbyeachpartnersworkunit.InfluencedbynewmodelsofromanceandpartnershipinHollywoodmoviesandCantopopinthereformera,youngpeoplewantedtomarryforlove,althoughmanydidnotknowhow.Osburgsayshissubjectsoftentalkedaboutfatherhood,andtheirprideintheirchildren,butrarelytheirsatisfactionwithmarriage.Instead,theylamentedtheirlackofexperience,ortheirinnocenceatthetimeoftheirmarriages.Iwentoutwith[awoman]andeverybodystartedtalkingaboutusgettingmarried,sowedidwasatypicalrefrain.Andwhilereformbroughtbackromance,italsomarkedoutnewinequalities.Whileancientconcubinecultureusuallycamealongsideamoraljustificationgettingmaleheirstocontinuethefamilylineinadditiontostatus-signalingforelitemen,Osburgstatesthatthewealthgaphasexacerbatedgenderinequality,creatingareadysupplyofyoungwomenwillingtobecomemistressesformaterialgain.Hissubjectslamentthatsomewomennowthrowthemselvesatwealthymen,hopingthatanaffairwouldprovidethemwithfinancialsupportor,asthesayinggoes,Amangoesbadwhenhegetsrich,awomangoesbadtogetrich.Asformen,mistressescanbeastatussymbol,especiallyasthegenderdisparitycausedbytheone-childpolicyhasmadewomenararercommodity.Tencentssurveysuggeststhatmenwithhigherincomesaremorelikelytocheat,andthatIT,finance,andeducationarethemostadulterousprofessions.Osburgobservesthatmanyofhissubjectsworklonghoursoutsideofthehome,andsomeworryaboutbeingconsideredprudishiftheydonotjoinbusinesspartnersandcolleaguesinbondingactivitiesinvolvingalcoholandprostitutes.Then,therearethosewhorationalizeinfidelityasthatsjusthowmenare.However,Linotesthatadulteryisnownolongerthepreserveofthewealthy.Itusedtobethattokeepamistress,youneededtoberich,hetellsTWOC.Withtherisinguseofsocialmedia,wearestartingtoseelotsofpeoplepursuingone-nightstands,manyofwhichcanbloomintofull-onaffairs.Asdivorcebecomeslesstaboo,datingculturemoreprevalent,andparentslessabletoexertcontrolovertheirchildrenslovelives,bothsexesarefindingmoreopportunitiestopursuetheirideallifepartnerwhichmay,intheend,haveapositiveinfluenceonreducinginfidelity.Theresevenhopeforthecurrentdivorcegeneration,Lisuggests:Peoplecanlearnfromtheirfailedmarriagesandbetterpreparefortheirnextone.AdditionalreportingbyTanYunfei(̷Ʒ)StateofAffairsisastoryfromourissue,.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articlebyjt ? t- t- 5M0 1710.txt ??Ms.Wustartedeverymorningofhertwo-dayvacationinPraguewith4a.m.wake-upcalls.Beforenoon,WuandherhusbandhadheldhandsontheCharlesBridge,satwithswansbytheVltavaRiver,andkissedonthePragueCastlegrounds.Intheirrentedwhitegownandtuxedo,theysmiledagainandagainforbemusedtouristsandtwoprofessionalphotographershiredtodocumenteverymoment.Around11a.m.,Wusregimenwasforcedtopauseforthemiddaylightandgrowingcrowds,beforeresumingfromlateafternoontosundown(whichisaslateas9p.m.insomeareasofEuropeduringsummer).TheschedulelefttheSichuannativewithlittletimeforsightseeingorrelaxation,butWuhasnoregrets.Ilikedthebackgroundofred-roofedhouses,shetellsTWOC.Itswhatwewantedforourweddingphotos.AnauthenticBohemianbackgrounddoesntcomecheapfornewlywedslikeWu,whoaskedonlytobeidentifiedbyhersurname(anddeclinedtostateexactlyhowmuchshepaidforherentourage.)AsearchoflistingsonTaobaorevealspricesfrom20,000to100,000RMBforweddinggowntravelphotography,orhunshalpai(ɴ),inPrague.TheCzechcapitalisoneofthetopdestinationsforsuchphotoshootsonthePinterest-likesocialmediaplatform,LittleRedBook.WuandherhusbandmetupwiththeirChinesephotographersandmakeupartistlocally,butsomecouplespaymoretobringalongtheirownphotographerorvideographeronacustommulti-cityitinerary.Otherssplurgeonanall-inclusivetour:transportation,hotel,costumerental,languageassistance,andalocalguide.DestinationphotoshootsmaybeonereasonthatChinasweddingphotographymarketisstillgrowingatasteadyrateof1-2percentperyear,althoughmarriagerateshavedeclinedsince2013.By2023,theindustryisexpectedtobeworth63.7billionRMBeventhough,bythen,itsestimatedonly60percentasmanymarriageswilltakeplaceascomparedtoadecadeago.Itsnotclearwhenorhowlpaibecametrendy,butitsriseisdefinitelyrecent.AcommonexplanationcitesTaiwanesepopsingerJayChou,whoseweddingphotosfromPraguein2014led,anecdotally,toanincreaseinwhite-cladearlyrisersposingontheCharlesBridge.Guangzhou-basedphotographerLiuXiaoyingagrees,recallingthatwhensheandherhusbandstartedtheirstudio,APlusFilm,in2014,destinationshootswereuncommon.Toattractbusiness,theycalledupweddingplanningcompaniesandslashedtheirfees.Today,though,thetwophotographersspendanaverage180daysayearabroad,flyingtomeetcouplesatadozeniconicdestinations,suchasParis,Prague,CinqueTerre,Iceland,Bali,andTurkey.Thelatteristhisyearsnewhotlpaicountry,accordingtoLiu.ItsthemostpopularlocationonLittleRedBook;itsconsideredmysteriousandexotic,comparedtosomepartsofEuropewherelotsofpeoplehavegone,shesays.Lpaiisdefinitelyabouttrendsandcompetition.Peopleareinfluencedtogoonthembecausetheirfriendshavebeen.Europeremainsthequintessentiallpaidestination,perhapsduetotheuniquehistoryofweddingphotographyinChina.Inthe1930s,itwasbrieflyinvogueforeliteShanghaibridesinwhitegownstophotographtheirWestern-stylechurchweddings,butduringtheMaoistera,thefashionturnedtoproletarianposesandplaingarb.NewlywedsduringtheCulturalRevolutionweremostfondofbeingphotographedwithadifferentlittleredbook:TheQuotationsofChairmanMao.BythetimeWesternweddingelementsreturnedinthe80s,theywerestrippedofreligiousceremonyandbecameconsumeristsymbolsofChinasopeningup.PortraitstudiosprovidedbackdropswithchurchesandEuropeanarchitecturetoreinforcetheWesternaesthetic.Itwasfashionforcouplestodisplayanenlargedweddingphotointheirlivingroom;thus,asChinesehomesincreasedinsizeandsophistication,photoshootsbecamemoreelaborate.Wubelievestherecentvoguefordestinationweddingphotographyisgenerational.Olderpeoplewereusedtotakingphotosinastudio,butmygenerationprefersmorespontaneousshotsandoutdoorsettings,shesays.AcrossChina,thesefeelingshavesentphalanxesofnewlywedstoposeinformercolonialconcessionsGulangyuIslandinXiamen,theBundinShanghaiandareaswithimitationEuropeanarchitecture,suchasTianjinsFlorenceTownhousingdistrictortheWorldParkinBeijing.ButtraditionalChinesearchitecturehasalsograbbednewlywedsattention:In2015,theImperialAncestralTempleoutsidetheForbiddenCityevenbegancharging800RMBforweddingshootsonitspremises,claimingthefeeistocompensatefortheinconveniencecausedtoothervisitors.OpinionsaboutChinesecouplesarchitecturaltastesaredivided.AsapersonofChinesebloodweddingphotosinJapan,Europe,ortheUSfeeltoohackneyed;thepersondoesntmatchthescenery,opinedonenewlywed,whooptedtotakephotosattheForbiddenCity,inatraveldiaryonMafengwo.com.Forothers,itslessaboutthenationalityofthebackdrop,thantheauthenticity.Thelocalcolorandenjoymentoftravelarenotthingsyoucanreplicate,saysLiu.ThemajorityofLiuslpaiclientsarethose,likeWu,whohaveexperiencesofvisitingorstudyinginforeigncountries(whichhelpswhenapplyingforvisas).AstheChineseeconomyimproves,thecostoftravelingabroadislowered,especiallycomparedwithtravelingdomestically,sheexplains.RoundtripairfaretoEuropecanbeaslowas3,000RMB,whileflightswithinChinasometimesexceed2,000RMB.Thenonehastoconsiderthequalityoftheexperience.AtmanyChinesedestinations,thoughitsbeautiful,theinfrastructureisntthereforagoodtourismexperience,comparedtoEuropeancountries,Liusays.Theressomethingemotionallyfulfillingaboutvisitingadevelopedcountryandseeingtheworld,seeingthediversearchitectureandcultures,thelocalscongratulatingyouastheypassbytheclientsgetalotofenjoyment.ForWu,adestinationshootwassimplymoreinterestingthangoingtoastudioorareplica.WegetsofewholidaysinChina,sowewantedtomakeoursspecial,shesays.Wewanttobeabletolookbackonourweddingphotoslaterandrecallmemories.Evensheadmits,though,thatherphotographicitinerarywasntconduciveforsoakingupthelocalcolor.AfterPrague,wewenttoAustriaforafewdays.Justus,justsightseeingnocameras.GownAbroadisastoryfromourissue,.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Article

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